Brain Research – Tissue Repository
The Stanley Brain Collection is a widely used resource for researchers trying to find the causes of, and better treatments for, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and major depression. Five cohorts are available for study; the Neuropathology Consortium, Array Collection, New Collection, Depression Collection and the Parietal Collection.
Researchers agree to study all cases in the Collection that they request samples from. The samples are sent coded and detailed demographic information including data on estimated lifetime exposure to antipsychotics, brain pH, etc., will be made available to the researcher once the raw data have been submitted to SMRI. (Brain pH was determined using homogenized occipital cortex. RNA integrity and purity were determined with an Agilent 2100 Bioanalyzer).
These specimens were collected, with informed consent from next-of-kin, by participating medical examiners between January 1995 and June 2002. The specimens were all collected, processed, and stored in a standardized way.
Exclusion criteria for all specimens included:
- significant structural brain pathology on postmortem examination by a qualified neuropathologist or by premortem imaging
- history of significant focal neurological signs premortem
- history of a CNS disease that could be expected to alter gene expression in a persistent way
- documented IQ < 70
- poor RNA quality
- Additional exclusion criteria for unaffected controls included:
- age less than 30 (thus, still in the period of maximum risk)
- substance abuse within 1 year of death or significant alcohol-related changes in the liver
Diagnoses were made by two senior psychiatrists, using DSM-IV criteria and based on medical records and, when necessary, telephone interviews with family members. Diagnoses of unaffected controls were based on structured interviews by a senior psychiatrist with family member(s) to rule out Axis I diagnoses.